Reviewed by author: Ashley Adams
History of the Internet Part 2 - From InternetReputation.com
Posted by InternetReputation.com on Saturday, June 04, 2011
The Internet could not become what it is today if it wasn't for IBM who announced the first Personal Computer in 1981 that ran Microsoft's DOS operating system. Nor could it have succeeded without the creation of the Domain Name System (DNS), which was designed by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris, and Craig Partridge that introduced the .edu, .gov, .com, .mil, .org, .net, and .int.
Three years later in 1984 Apple Computer would introduce the Macintosh computer on January 24th and an author by the name of William Gibson would coin the term "cyberspace" in his novel "Neuromancer". In 1985 Symbolic.com would become the first ever-registered domain name.
By 1987 there were approximately 10,000 hosts on the Internet and over 25 million PCs sold in US. In just two short years the number of hosts would multiple to 100,000 in 1989 and in the same year McAfee Associates, who offered their anti-virus software for free, was established.
In 1990 ARPANET would be decommissioned and one year later the World Wide Web would officially be established. Surfing the Internet, a term that was coined by Jean Armour Polly in 1992, would become user-friendly with the creation of the Mosaic Web browser, which was developed by Marc Andreesen at University of Illinois in 1993.
The browser wars would begin with the founding of Netscape Communications in 1994 and the release of Microsoft's Windows 95. Around the same time there were a few Internet gurus poised on the brink of success, which included Jeff Bezos who would write his business plan for Amazon.com and Sergey Brin and Larry Page who began collaborating on a search engine called BackRub, which in 1997 would eventually be renamed to Google.